The Metropolitan Railway opened in 1863 as the world’s first underground railway, which now makes up part of the Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines of the London Underground. Later, the 1890 City & South London Railway was the first to use underground electric trains, and is now part of the Northern line.
Fact: Only 45% of the London Underground is below the surface – most of it outside the centre of London is above ground.
This is one of two £2 coins released in 2013 to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the London Underground, and depicts a 1967 Victorian Line train moving towards the observer on the tracks, with key dates and “London Underground” on the outer ring. The reverse was designed by Edward Barber and Jay Osgerby, with Ian Rank-Broadley’s obverse portrait. The edge inscription shows the dot and line pattern that makes up the Tube map.