The edge is not only milled but also inscribed. The Latin inscription DECUS ET TUTAMEN translates to “an ornament and a safeguard”. This inscription dates back to the first machine-struck coins minted in 1662 and was a device to prevent “clipping”, and was used on the first pound coin in 1983.
Wales has a population of approximately 2.75 million and covers about one twelfth of the land area of the The edge is not only milled but also inscribed. The inscription in Welsh reads:-PLEIDIOL, WYF I’M GWLAD. Which means “True am I to my country”.
On the milled edge of the coin is the Llantrisant mint mark – a cross crosslet. The shape of the cross alluding to Llantrisant, which translated from the Welsh means “Church or Parish of the Three Saints”.
The obverse bears the third portrait of The Queen, used from 1985 to 1997, by Raphael David Maklouf.
A representation of the Broighter collar over a Celtic cross with a pimpernel at its centre.
The design is the work of engraver Norman Sillman.